Are humans as special as we think we are an often implicit interest of many researchers in comparative psychology (the study of the similarities and differences between humans and other animals.
How are humans unique humans are obviously far more capable than other animals there's no comparison in personal capacities and social achievement but what physically distinguishes humans higher animals all have the same kinds of body parts human brains are similar to the brains of other primates and smaller than the brains of whales and elephants.
Humans are unique among the primates in how walking fully upright is our chief mode of locomotion this frees our hands up for using tools unfortunately, the changes made in our pelvis for moving on two legs, in combination with babies with large brains, makes human childbirth unusually dangerous compared with the rest of the animal kingdom. The same unique intelligence and cooperation also underlies more positive advances, such as modern medicine but is that all that defines us in recent years, many traits once believed to be uniquely human, from morality to culture, have been found in the animal kingdom (see part one in this two-part series .
Evolutionary biology proposes that humans evolved from ape-like ancestors if this is true then we are nothing more than glorified apes however, compared to our closest relatives, scientific research indicates that humans are unique on many fronts, including creativity, personality, abstract thinking, and moral judgment.
What’s not unique in his intellectually stimulating book, human purpose and transhuman potential, ted chu points out that many differences between us and other mammals are differences of degree in other words, many of our seemingly unique traits are just exaggerated versions of traits that are already identified in other mammals and animals. Still, it certainly predates homo sapiens, showing that fire is far from being unique to us, as charles darwin once opined this evolutionary time also marked the very first excursions by a two footed ape out of africa, with homo erectus settling europe and eventually asia as far east as present day china and indonesia beginning from at least 18 million years ago.
Human beings have evolved to coordinate complex activities, to gossip and to playact together it is because they are adapted for such cultural activities — and not because of their cleverness as individuals — that human beings are able to do so many exceptionally complex and impressive things. The argument for human uniqueness is of mostly historical interest as we gained more understanding of animal behavior , we learned that their psychology has more in common with us than had been.